Tlatelolco Agreement

Tlatelolco was more than a nuclear non-proliferation initiative or a regional NPT. The implementation of the regional community against non-regional interference has been a central motivator for Tlatelolco and continues to play a special role in the agreement. It included a single waiver mechanism (Article 28) allowing the gradual adoption of regional non-proliferation standards in a context where states are initially hesitant. This allowed States to implement the treaty for their own territories, before the general objective of maintaining the treaty in force for all of Latin America by renouncing certain provisions and allowing the treaty into force only for their territory. That the proliferation of nuclear weapons, which seems inevitable if States do not impose restrictions on themselves in the exercise of their sovereign rights in order to prevent them, would greatly complicate any disarmament agreement and increase the risk of a nuclear fire as soon as this treaty comes into force, the Secretariat is immediately informed of any international agreement reached by one of the parties on the issues concerned by this treaty; the secretariat records it and informs the other contracting parties. On 23 October 2002, the Treaty of Tlatelolco entered into force throughout the region when Cuba, the only state that had not ratified the treaty, tabled its ratification instrument. Currently, all 33 states in the Latin American and Caribbean region have signed and ratified the treaty. The Treaty of Tlatelolco served as a model for all future nuclear-weapon-free zone (EEZ) agreements. (g) is the body responsible for reaching agreements with governments and other international organizations and organizations. The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America (also known as the Treaty of Tlatelolco) requires Latin American parties not to acquire or possess nuclear weapons or to authorize the stockpiling or use of nuclear weapons on their territory by other countries. In addition to the agreement between the Latin American countries themselves, there are two additional protocols that deal with issues that do not concern Latin American countries. Protocol I provides for a commitment from non-Latin American countries that have territories in the nuclear-weapon-free zone.

Protocol II provides for the commitment of nuclear-weapon powers. The United States is a party to both protocols. The important provisions of the treaty relate to revision. The parties agree to negotiate agreements with the International Atomic Energy Agency regarding the application of their protection measures to their nuclear activities. The treaty also provides for an organisation that should help ensure compliance with the provisions of the treaty – the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America (OPANAL) – with a general conference, a Council and a secretariat as its permanent bodies. The five-member elected council has the authority to carry out “special inspections.” 1.